АвторТема: Гаплогруппа B  (Прочитано 15222 раз)

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Оффлайн mikhail a.

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Re: Гаплогруппа B
« Ответ #45 : 10 Ноябрь 2016, 09:23:00 »
Вышла работа по дДНК ранних венгров (конец IX-X вв.).
Genetic structure of the early Hungarian conquerors inferred from mtDNA haplotypes and Y-chromosome haplogroups in a small cemetery

http://sci-hub.bz/10.1007/s00438-016-1267-z
Из 17 полученных результатов митоднк 4 образца оказались представителями группы В: два В4'5  и  два В4. Таким образом, предположения ув. Asmat headhunter и rozenblatt относительно возможных путей проникновения B4b1а3a1 к славянам становятся более весомыми
Родственные им племена (авары) проникали и в Центральную Европу, оттуда и словаки и украинцы могут быть.
Гунны? Тюрки в составе венгров?


Оффлайн mikhail a.

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Re: Гаплогруппа B
« Ответ #46 : 17 Март 2019, 21:49:51 »
Вот что на данный момент по ветке B4b1a3 получается:

В рамках те образцы, которые видимо должны будут создать в скором будущем отдельные поветви

Оффлайн mikhail a.

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Re: Гаплогруппа B
« Ответ #47 : 19 Март 2019, 18:21:47 »
Прогресс на лицо. Часть выше предположенных изменений в дереве уже произошла. Ждем продолжения "банкета"


Оффлайн mikhail a.

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Re: Гаплогруппа B
« Ответ #48 : 19 Ноябрь 2020, 00:59:11 »
A Dynamic 6,000-Year Genetic History of Eurasia’s Eastern Steppe
дДНК

KHV001 Mt-dna: B4b1a3a; Y: CT (CT-M5606; CT-M168)
Late Medieval Mongol из  Khavtsal II, аймаг Khuvsgul  51,464  100,7047



Оффлайн mikhail a.

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Re: Гаплогруппа B
« Ответ #49 : 06 Февраль 2022, 00:55:31 »
Whole genome analysis sheds light on the genetic origin of Huns, Avars and conquering Hungarians
Целых 4 новых образца B4b1a3a и все у авар:
1) FGDper4 FGD-4 Hungary_Avar_Asia_Core_Early_Elite Fajsz-Garadomb
Early Avar military leader_620-660 AD_ 46°25'21.96"N 18°54'30.11"E_ C2a1a1b1b C-Y10442/etc*(xZ31688,Z31693)_ B4b1a3a
Fajsz-Garadomb (FGD; Bács-Kiskun County)
Eight early Avar-age graves, arranged in two irregular and loose lines, were excavated on the outskirts of Fajsz village by Mihály Kőhegyi in 1962. The cemetery, mainly composed of armed male burials, was the burial site of a large family or genus belonging to the middle class or leadership of the Avar society. The skeletons showed Mongoloid characteristics, and the dead were buried between 600– 650/660 CE. We involved one sample in our analysis.
FGD-4: Grave No. 4:
Skeletal remains of a middle-adult male with Mongoloid characteristics were found in the grave. The individual wore silver earrings and a belt decorated with pressed silver pseudo buckle mounts. Furthermore, a bow and a quiver with arrowheads were put in the grave. The burial was dated to the 7th century CE, around 630.
2) CSPFper213 CSPF-213 Hungary_Avar_Asia_Core_Late Csólyospálos-Felsőpálos
Late Avar   700-750 AD 46°25'6.98"N 19°50'20.79"E_N1a1a1a1a3a N-Y16310/etc*(xZ35307,Y16313)_ B4b1a3a
Csólyospálos-Felsőpálos (CSPF; Bács-Kiskun County)_ Mongolid character
In the outskirts of Csólyospálos, 258 Avar graves were partially excavated by Mihály Kőhegyi and Erika Wicker between 1983 and 1987. The cemetery was founded probably by warriors and their families. Animal bones, potteries and eggs were also found in the cemetery. Based on the archaeological material, the burial ground was opened in the 7th century CE (around 650), and the last graves can be dated to the 8th century CE (around 750). Anthropological analysis was carried out on the fragmented skeletal remains of 244 individuals. Concerning the sex and age-at-death data, 156 adults and 88 sub-adults were described, and 73 males and 76 females were identified in the series. According to the results of the morphological analysis, 10% of the skulls showed Mongoloid characteristics. However, the low quality of the bones highly limited the evaluation and interpretation of the data. We involved four samples in our study.
CSPF-213: Grave No. 213:
The skeletal remains of an adult male were found in the NW–SE orientation, large, square-shaped pit grave. Small bead pendant earrings, two iron buckles and two knives were found in the grave. Besides, the quiver was next to the left leg, and a bone stick-end was next to the right leg. The bow with wide arms was smashed and placed to the left side (near the elbow and knee). The tomb was dated around 700 CE.
3) KFPper30a KFP-30a   Hungary_Avar_Asia_Core_Early Kunpeszér-Felsőpeszér út, Homokbánya
Early Avar_620-660   AD_ 47° 7'36.83"N 19°15'45.91"E_R1a1a1b~ R-CTS9754/etc*(xAM01874,S204,S443,Y17491,YP4758,AM00479,Z2125,S4576,Y38,FGC30890,YP1451,YP5323,YP1508,Y20788,Y35117,YP5585)_ B4b1a3a_ Mongolid
Kunpeszér-Felsőpeszéri út, Homokbánya (KFP; Bács-Kiskun County)
Thirty-two graves were excavated at the outskirts of Kunpeszér village by Elvira H. Tóth. Fifteen graves were dated to the early Avar period (group I), and the others were dated to the 8th century CE. We involved group I in our study. The early Avar graves were on a large area that was a loose burial site. Three sub-adults and twelve adults were described, and six males and six females were identified in the series. Most of the individuals showed Mongoloid taxonomic features. The male burials were rich since they were buried with belts decorated with silver and gilded mounts, swords decorated with gold and silver plates, bow, quiver, and arrowheads. The female graves were less wealthy, and their burials contained only simple grave goods. We involved four samples in our analysis.
KFP-30a: Grave No. 30a:
The skeletal remains of an adult male with Mongoloid characteristics were found in the NNW–SSE oriented grave. The southern half of the pit was later in superposition with grave 30b. Silver earrings with a small spherical pendant, silver hair-clamps, belt decorated with silver round-shaped mounts, iron buckles, a bow, quiver with arrows, and a sword decorated with P-shaped silver ears were in the grave. The burial was dated between 630–660 CE.
4) женщина ARKper41   ARK-41 Hungary_Avar_MiddleLate Árkus Homokbánya
Middle-Late Avar_7. (end)_47°33'15.90"N_ 21° 1'12.17"E_ B4b1a3a
There is a third group of Avar period cemeteries representing immigrants from Asia, but with a different genetic background. In males from Makó-Mikócsa-Halom (MM), Dunavecse-Kovacsos dűlő (DK), Árkus Homokbánya (ARK), and Szarvas-Grexa (SZRV) Y-Hgs R1a-Z94 and Q1a2a1 dominated, which were typical in European Huns, and were accompanied with mostly Asian maternal lineages. These Avar period peoples could have represented Hun remnants, which joined the Avars but isolated in separate communities. These inferences are also supported by genomic data, as most qpAdm models from these cemeteries indicated the presence of Hun_Asia_Core or Xiongnu ancestries. As indicated before, Hun ancestry was also present in several other cemeteries, like Hg R1a-Z94, but in those cemeteries the population was less uniform.

Аутосомно:
FGDper4   FGD-4 Avar_Asia_Core2   80-92% UstBelaya_N.SG    8-20% Steppe_IA    (or 69% Xianbei, 31% Hun_Sarm2)
CSPFper213   CSPF-213 Avar_Asia_Core2   80-92% UstBelaya_N.SG    8-20% Steppe_IA    (or 69% Xianbei, 31% Hun_Sarm2)   
KFPper30a   KFP-30a   Avar_Asia_Core2   80-92% UstBelaya_N.SG    8-20% Steppe_IA    (or 69% Xianbei, 31% Hun_Sarm2)   
ARKper41   ARK-41   Avar_cline   47% ARK-38 (EU-cline)    53% ARK-50/ARK-36

Интересно посмотреть исходник этих образцов на предмет дополнительных мутаций.

 

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