АвторТема: Гунны, авары и древние мадьяры из Венгрии  (Прочитано 25100 раз)

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Оффлайн Farharaji

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    • Ytree YF71444
  • Y-ДНК: R1b-DF98+FT22607+BY20662+
  • мтДНК: U5b1e1*
 западноевразийские митолинии были еще у Хунну(которые в Монголии), достались они им от саков и скифов центральноазиатских. Так что наверняка у гуннов в поволжье уже изначально была нехилая доля евромитолиий :)

Оффлайн Allon

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Re: Гунны, авары и древние мадьяры из Венгрии
« Ответ #196 : 21 Июнь 2021, 23:13:22 »
Neparáczki, E., Maróti, Z., Kalmár, T. et al. Y-chromosome haplogroups from Hun, Avar and conquering Hungarian period nomadic people of the Carpathian Basin. Sci Rep 9, 16569 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53105-5

Petőfiszállás: During preventive excavation of the construction of the M5 motorway on the outskirts of the Petőfiszállás village (Bács-Kiskun County, Hungary) a lonely rich armed male grave was discovered by Csilla Balogh and Erika Wicker14. In the grave a Mongoloid type (Saian type) 40-45 years old man was buried. His ranking belt were decorated with pressed gold mounts, his weapon belt with pressed silver round shaped with gold inlay. He wore gold earrings. In the grave were found a sword decorated with gold plates, quiver decorated with bone mounts, arrowheads and a bow. The grave was
dated between 630–650/660 AD. (BCS)

early Avar period

LabID                                    PSZ/1
Sample site/grave or accession number    Petőfiszállás
Age                                      630–650/660
Age                                      40-45
Anthropological type                     Mongoloid, Sayanic type (broad-faced, brachykran)
Y-Haplogroup                             G2a

Csáky, V., Gerber, D., Koncz, I. et al. Genetic insights into the social organisation of the Avar period elite in the 7th century AD Carpathian Basin. Sci Rep 10, 948 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-57378-8

Petőfiszállás (Bács-Kiskun county, Hungary)12,13 (by I. Koncz, T. Vida)

The richly furnished male burial at Petőfiszállás (46°37'15.34"N; 19°50'37.74"E) was found by metal-detecting connected to the construction of the M7 motorway in 1998. Part of the burial was disturbed during its discovery. The 40-45 years old male had Mongoloid characteristics. The area around the burial was later extensively studied, but no more graves were found.

The high-ranking male was buried with a sword covered with gold plates and had two belt sets. One of the belts consisted of shield-shaped, lunula-shaped, oval- and T-shaped mounts and two strap-ends made of gold with pearl-row decoration. The belt widens on the back marked with a tripartite composite mount. This belt set is a close parallel to the belt sets of the Bócsa-Kunbábony group in both decoration and technology, but the lack of the so-called pseudo buckles suggests an earlier dating. This composition appears in the second fourth of the 7th century, but it is possible that its use overlapped with the use of the pseudo buckles during the middle of the 7th century. Based on the analysis of Éva Garam the gold belt set of Petőfiszállás belongs to the Bócsa-Kunbábony group, but predates other sites with pseudo buckles such as Mala Pereshchepina and Maglód. The other belt set was decorated with round, partially gilded silver mounts, that has the closest parallels in Bócsa.

The importance of the burial from Petőfiszállás comes from its belt sets that connect the early horizon of Avar period belts (abstract floral and point-comma ornaments etc.) with the Bócsa-Kunbábony group characterized by pearl-row decoration and pseudo buckles.

The burial belongs to the group of elite burials with military character located in the Danube-Tisza Interfluve that could be interpreted as the military retinue of the Qagan.

The archaeological material is stored in the Katona József Museum, Kecskemét, the anthropological material is stored in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Szeged, Szeged.

# Information of investigated samples #
Sample Name 1                AV19
Library ID/sample name 2     AC19
Cemetery                     Petőfiszállás
Grave Numbers                1
Country                      Hungary
Century AD                   middle third of 7th
Anthropological sex, age     male, mature (40-45)
Cranial index                82.70 (bracycranic)

# MtDNA results #
Mitochondrial Haplogroup     Z1a1
# Y-STR results #
Haplogroup                   N1a1-M46 (N-Tat)
Y haplogroup by SNP data     N1a1a1a1a3a

археология и антропология одинаковые, а генетические данные отличаются ???
если я правильно понял то оба образца взяты из богатого погребения №1

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