АвторТема: A genetic contribution from the Far East into Ashkenazi Jews via the Silk Road  (Прочитано 734 раз)

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A genetic contribution from the Far East into Ashkenazi Jews via the ancient Silk Road

Tian et al. 2014

ABSTRACT
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Contemporary Jews retain a genetic imprint from their Near Eastern ancestry, but obtained substantial genetic components from their neighboring populations during their history. Whether they received any genetic contribution from the Far East remains unknown, but frequent communication with the Chinese has been observed since the Silk Road period. To address this issue, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation from 55,595 Eurasians are analyzed. The existence of some eastern Eurasian haplotypes in eastern Ashkenazi Jews supports an East Asian genetic contribution, likely from Chinese. Further evidence indicates that this connection can be attributed to a gene flow event that occurred less than 1.4 kilo-years ago (kya), which falls within the time frame of the Silk Road scenario and fits well with historical records and archaeological discoveries. This observed genetic contribution from Chinese to Ashkenazi Jews demonstrates that the historical exchange between Ashkenazim and the Far East was not confined to the cultural sphere but also extended to an exchange of genes.


http://www.nature.com/srep/2015/150211/srep08377/full/srep08377.html

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Re: A genetic contribution from the Far East into Ashkenazi Jews via the Silk Road
« Ответ #1 : 17 Февраль 2015, 13:26:09 »
Тут ещё в тексте статьи идет ссылка на англоязычный форум molgen!
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To shed light on the phylogeny within haplogroup M33c, 11 mtDNAs, covering the widest range of internal variation within the haplogroup, were chosen for whole-mtDNA genome sequencing. In good agreement with the previous result13, the resulting phylogenetic tree (Figure 2), incorporating five previously reported mtDNA genomes13, 14, 15 as well as one whose information was released online (A Genetic Genealogy Community; http://eng.molgen.org), confirms that M33c is defined by mutations at positions 3316, 4079, 5894, 8227, 8848, 16111, and 16235. Of note is that five clades within M33c appear respectively characterized by diagnostic coding-region variant(s), and these are named M33c1 to M33c5 here. With the exception of M33c2, all the samples in these clades are from China. The likely origin of M33 in South Asia and the restriction to China of M33c, dating to 10 kya according to the estimation based on whole-mtDNA genome, implies some dispersal from South to East Asia in the immediate postglacial.

 

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