АвторТема: ДНК носителей сильбо  (Прочитано 1585 раз)

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Оффлайн dnaexploraАвтор темы

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  • ySearch: KWRRB, maternal yDNA J2a4b*
  • Y-ДНК: G2a3b1a1* (U1+ L13- P303+)
  • мтДНК: H1e
ДНК носителей сильбо
« : 08 Июль 2010, 17:32:38 »
Возможно есть какие-то закономерности между распространением гаплогрупп и этого языка.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/russian/life/newsid_3373000/3373141.stm
http://gerodot.ru/viewtopic.php?t=3032


Оффлайн Nycticorax

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Re: ДНК носителей сильбо
« Ответ #1 : 08 Июль 2010, 21:50:02 »
Это не язык. Сильбо - стандартный испанский, артикулируемый с помощью свиста. Распространение подобных форм характерно для горных регионов, где люди часто находятся в пределах прямой видимости, но при этом на значительном расстоянии и не могут подойти друг к другу (разные склоны долины, участки разделенные ущельем и т.д.) В этих условиях более высокочастотный звук (свист) распространяется дальше чем обычный.

Оффлайн Nycticorax

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Re: ДНК носителей сильбо
« Ответ #2 : 08 Июль 2010, 21:57:34 »
Краткий экскурс:
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Whistled languages use whistling to emulate speech and facilitate communication. A whistled language is a system of whistled communication which allows fluent whistlers to transmit and comprehend a potentially unlimited number of messages over long distances. Whistled languages are different in this respect from the restricted codes sometimes used by herders or animal trainers to transmit simple messages or instructions. Generally, whistled languages emulate the tones or vowel formants of a natural spoken language, as well as aspects of its intonation and prosody, so that trained listeners who speak that language can understand the encoded message.
Whistled language is rare compared to spoken language, but it is found in cultures around the world. It is especially common in tone languages where the whistled tones transmit the tones of the syllables (tone melodies of the words). This might be because in tone languages the tone melody carries more of the "functional load" of communication while non-tonal phonology carries proportionally less. The genesis of a whistled language has never been recorded in either case and has not yet received much productive study.
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Silbo on the island of La Gomera in the Canary Islands, based on Spanish, is one of the best-studied whistled languages
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Other whistled languages exist or existed in such parts of the world as Turkey (Ku?k?y, "Village of the Birds"), France (the village of Aas in the Pyrenees), Mexico (the Mazatecs and Chinantecs of Oaxaca), South America (Pirah?), Asia (the Chepang of Nepal), and New Guinea. They are especially common and robust today in parts of West Africa, used widely in such populous languages as Yoruba and Ewe. Even French is whistled in some areas of western Africa.
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Whistled speech occurs in some parts of Southern Africa and Eastern Africa.
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Whistled languages are normally found in locations with difficult mountainous terrain, slow or difficult communication, low population density and/or scattered settlements, and other isolating features such as shepherding and cultivation of hillsides. [1] They have been more recently found in dense forests like the Amazon where they may replace spoken dialogues in the villages, while hunting or fishing to overcome the pressure of the acoustic environment. [2] [4] The main advantage of whistling speech is that it allows the speaker to cover much larger distances (typically 1 – 2 km but up to 5 km in mountains and less in reverberating forests) than ordinary speech, without the strain (and lesser range) of shouting. The long range of whistling is enhanced by the mountainous terrain found in areas where whistled languages are used. Many areas with such languages work hard to preserve their ancient traditions, in the face of rapidly advancing telecommunications systems in many areas.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whistled_language

 

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