АвторТема: Reconstructing Prehistoric African Population Structure  (Прочитано 682 раз)

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Reconstructing Prehistoric African Population Structure
« : 21 Сентябрь 2017, 23:27:47 »
Highlights

    •Genome-wide analysis of 16 African individuals who lived up to 8,100 years ago
    •Forager populations related to southern African San were once widespread in eastern Africa
    •Comparison of ancient and modern Africans reveal recent genomic adaptations
    •Evidence for a divergent human lineage contributing to western Africans

Summary

We assembled genome-wide data from 16 prehistoric Africans. We show that the anciently divergent lineage that comprises the primary ancestry of the southern African San had a wider distribution in the past, contributing approximately two-thirds of the ancestry of Malawi hunter-gatherers ∼8,100–2,500 years ago and approximately one-third of the ancestry of Tanzanian hunter-gatherers ∼1,400 years ago. We document how the spread of farmers from western Africa involved complete replacement of local hunter-gatherers in some regions, and we track the spread of herders by showing that the population of a ∼3,100-year-old pastoralist from Tanzania contributed ancestry to people from northeastern to southern Africa, including a ∼1,200-year-old southern African pastoralist. The deepest diversifications of African lineages were complex, involving either repeated gene flow among geographically disparate groups or a lineage more deeply diverging than that of the San contributing more to some western African populations than to others. We finally leverage ancient genomes to document episodes of natural selection in southern African populations.

Pontus Skoglund, Jessica C. Thompson, Mary E. Prendergast, Alissa Mittnik, Kendra Sirak, Mateja Hajdinjak, Tasneem Salie, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Alexander Peltzer, Anja Heinze, Iñigo Olalde, Matthew Ferry, Eadaoin Harney, Megan Michel, Kristin Stewardson, Jessica I. Cerezo-Román, Chrissy Chiumia, Alison Crowther, Elizabeth Gomani-Chindebvu, Agness O. Gidna, Katherine M. Grillo, I. Taneli Helenius, Garrett Hellenthal, Richard Helm, Mark Horton, Saioa López, Audax Z.P. Mabulla, John Parkington, Ceri Shipton, Mark G. Thomas, Ruth Tibesasa, Menno Welling, Vanessa M. Hayes, Douglas J. Kennett, Raj Ramesar, Matthias Meyer, Svante Pääbo, Nick Patterson, Alan G. Morris, Nicole Boivin, Ron Pinhasi, Johannes Krause, David Reich

http://www.cell.com/cell/abstract/S0092-8674(17)31008-5

Оффлайн KarenАвтор темы

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Re: Reconstructing Prehistoric African Population Structure
« Ответ #1 : 21 Сентябрь 2017, 23:33:25 »
Y-chromosome haplogroup:

Malawi_Hora_8100BP_shotgun    BT(xCT) L413
Malawi_Hora_8100BP                   BT(xCT) L413
Malawi_Fingira_6100BP                 BT(xCT) L413
Malawi_Fingira_6100BP                 BT(xCT) L418
Kenya_400BP                                 E1b1b1b2 PF2002
South_Africa_2000BP                   A1b1b2a M51
South_Africa_2000BP                   A1b1b2a M51

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Re: Reconstructing Prehistoric African Population Structure
« Ответ #2 : 22 Сентябрь 2017, 12:21:22 »
Y-chromosome haplogroup:

Kenya_400BP                                 E1b1b1b2 PF2002

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Re: Reconstructing Prehistoric African Population Structure
« Ответ #3 : 22 Сентябрь 2017, 13:54:19 »
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/09/21/191569
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